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If You Leave Japan to Work in the Agreement Country

150010020-120-381-091 Last updated date:8 1 2017

1) Elimination of dual coverage

≪If you are an employee≫
・Before the agreements

When you are sent by your employer in Japan to work in a foreign country, you may have to enroll in the local social security system in addition to the Japanese social security system, and may have to pay contributions to both countries.

1) Elimination of dual coverage

・Under the agreements

【General rule】
Under the Social Security Agreements, you will be covered only by the system of the country where you work. When you are sent by your employer in Japan to the branch office in the agreement country or you are locally hired by the employer in the agreement country, you will be covered only by the system of the country.

1) Elimination of dual coverage

【Temporary detachment (for not more than 5 years)】
However, when you are temporarily sent to the agreement country for the expected period of not more than 5 years, you are subject to the exception rule under the agreements. That is, you will be continuously covered by the Japanese social security system and be exempt from coverage under the system of the agreement country.

1) Elimination of dual coverage

【If you work in both countries for the same period (Only for the Japan-U.K. / the Japan- Korea / the Japan- Italy Agreement)】
When you work in both Japan and the agreement country for the same period, you will be covered only by the pension system in the country where your primary place of residence is located. If Japan is your primary place of residence, you will be covered only by the Japanese pension system and exempt from coverage in the other country. If it is in the agreement country, you will be covered only by the pension system of the country.
In case that your primary place of residence is in Japan

1) Elimination of dual coverage

NOTE : Again, if you are temporarily sent to the agreement country, you are subject to the rule of temporary detached workers.

≪System you will be covered by≫

Depending on your work and detachment condition, you will be covered by the system as follows:

1) Elimination of dual coverage

≪If you are a self-employed person≫

The above mentioned rules also apply to self-employed persons. You may be exempt from coverage under either the agreement country's system or Japanese system if you meet certain conditions. If you plan to temporarily work as a self-employed person in an agreement country, you will be continuously covered only by the Japanese system. If you plan to work for more than 5 years in the agreement country, you will be covered only by the agreement country's system. If you are not a self-employed person in Japan currently but you will work as a self-employed person in the agreement country, you will be covered only by the agreement country's system.
≪If you are a crew of a ship≫
Respective agreement provides which system you will be covered by.
Germany/ United Kingdom/ Republic of Korea/ United States/ Belgium/ France/ Canada/ Australia/ Netherlands/ Czech Republic/ Spain/ Ireland/ Brazil/ Switzerland/ Italy/ India/ Luxembourg/

2) Conditions for continuous coverage by the Japanese system

≪If you are an employee≫

In order for you to be continuously covered only by the Japanese social security system and to be exempt from coverage under the other country's system, you need to satisfy all the following conditions:

  1. You are covered by the Japanese system while you are detached to the agreement country.
  2. While you are detached, you continue to be employed by your employer in Japan.*
  3. Your expected detachment period is not more than 5 years.

* "you continue to be employed by your employer..." means that you provide services to your employer and your employer controls personnel matters and provides labor managements for you.

≪If you are a self-employed person≫

If you meet all the following conditions, you will be, in principle, continuously covered by Japanese social security system and exempt from coverage of the agreement country's system.

  1. You are covered by the Japanese system while you work in the agreement country.
  2. You continue same self-employed activity while you temporarily work in the agreement country.
  3. At the outset, your expected period of work in the agreement country is not longer than 5 years.

Notes on Individual Rules under each Social Security Agreement

(Germany)

(United Kingdom)

(United States)

(Belgium)

(France)

(Canada)

(Australia)

(Netherlands)

(Czech Republic)

(Spain)

(Ireland)

(Brazil)

(Switzerland)

(Hungary)

(India)

(Luxembourg)

3) Extension of your work period in the agreement countries

When you need to work in an agreement country exceeding the originally expected work period, your employer in Japan (or if you are a self-employed) may apply for the extension of the exemption.
In principal, you are exempt from coverage under the social security system of each agreement countries for up to 5 years. However, depending on your employer's (or your) specific reason, you may be granted the extension of the exemption in addition to the 5 years. The maximum extension period exceeding 5 years depends on respective agreement.
Germany/ United Kingdom/ Republic of Korea/ United States/ Belgium/ France/ Canada/ Australia/ Netherlands/ Czech Republic/ Spain/ Ireland/ Brazil/ Switzerland/ Italy/ Hungary / India / Luxembourg /
If your detachment (or self-employed activity) period exceeds the specified maximum period mentioned above, you will be covered only by the system in the country where you work, according to the basic rule.

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